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Scholar syllabus


The first student rank signifies an understanding of the fundamental precepts of the system and apply the entirety of their learning to a limited freeplay environment in a defensive capacity. Being admitted to the rank of Scolaro attests to the candidate’s ability to perform fundamental actions and set plays with proper mechanics and footwork. Each member school is free to grant Scolaro rank, provided students meet the base required criteria. (Each school is free to define other requirements as they see fit.) Although the rank is internal to member academies and outside the direct purview of IAS, the following curriculum is derived from that developed and used in Member academies and provides a lingua franca for all Society affiliates.


To achieve the level one rank, students must perform to a specified standard of execution, or “quality of execution”. These requirements are as follows:

Competent (C): independent evaluation of a situation, autonomy, and transfer of technique across situations.

  • Executes techniques in isolation (set plays, simple phrases) against non-compliant partners.
  • Executes technique without prompting, in tempo and using adequate body mechanics.
  • Capable of planning an approach (strategically)
  • Can consciously apply tactical decision making

Part one : Theory

Required Reading

  1. The Knightly Art of Battle, 2011, Ken Mondschein, J. Paul Getty Museum;
  2. Prologue to the Getty Ms.
  3. Fiore dei Liberi’s Armizare, p. 1- 95, Robert N. Charrette, 2011, Freelance Academy Press

History of Fiore dei Liberi and the Art of Arms

The Pedagogy of Armizare: The Four Masters of Battle

  1. Posta
  2. Remedio
  3. Contrario
  4. Contra-Contario

Tempo e Misura (Time and Measure)
Stance, Structure and Leverage

The Five Throws of Armizare

Gripping the Sword
Types of Coverta (Cover)

  1. Arresto (Counterattack)
  2. Parrata  (Parry)
  3. Rebatter (Beat)

Pulsativa, Stabile e Instabile (Striking, Stable and Mutable)

Zogho Largo e Zogho Stretto (Wide and Close Play)

Eight Requirements of Abrazare

  1. Forteza (Strength)
  2. Presteza (Speed)
  3. Prese (Grabs)
  4. Ferrire (Strikes)
  5. Dilogadure (Dislocations)
  6. Ligadure (Binds)
  7. Rompere (Breaks)
  8. Mettere in Terra (Throws)

Four Masters of Dagger Combat

  1. Disarmato (Disarm)
  2. Ligadure (Bind)
  3. Rompere il Braccio (Break Arms)
  4. Mettere in Terra (Throw)

Six Masters of Sword Combat  

  1. In One Hand from Below
  2. Thrown
  3. In Armour
  4. The Long-Thrust
  5. Two-Handed from Above
  6. Swung by the Blade

Part two – practical skills

General skills


  1. Back-weighted (Left and Right Lead)
  2. Forward-weighted (Left and Right Lead


Steps (Passe)

  1. Accrescimento
  2. Discrescimento
  3. Passamento
  4. Tornamento

Turns (Volte)

  1. Volta Stabile
  2. Mezza Volta
  3. Tutta Volta

Safety Skills:

  1. Sidefall to both sides.
  2. Backfall
  3. Forward roll
  4. Backward Roll



  1. Porta di Ferro
  2. Dente di Zenghiaro
  3. Posta Longa
  4. Posta Frontale


  1. Soprana
  2. Mezzana
  3. Sottana

Use all three ligadure to both sides vs.:

  1. Grab
  2. Strike
  3. Strike from one side then the other

Rompere di Braccio (Arm-Bars)

  1. Downward  bent arm-bar from a strike
  2. Downward straight arm-bar from a grab

Mettere in Terra (Throws)

  1. Gambarola (Rear-Leg Takedown) to both sides.
  2. Balestrata (Outside Collar Throw) to Both Sides
  3. Colpo Balestra (Inside Collar Throw)  to Both Sides

Training Sequence: Two-Ubiquitous Throws Drill

Canonical Abrazare Set-Plays

  1. Remedy Master (Abrazare #1)
  2. Conclusion of the Remedy Master (Abrazare #2)
  3. Balestrata and leg lift (Abrazare #3)
  4. Head Wrench and Throw (Abrazare #4)
  5. Hip Throw and Counter (Abrazare #5)
  6. Counter the Face Press (Abrazare #6)



  1. Tutta porta di ferro sempio
  2. Tutta porta di ferro doppio
  3. Tutta porta di ferro doppio incrossada
  4. Mezzana porta di ferro 
  5. Mezzana porta di ferro doppia incrosada

Nine Remedies of the Dagger (Root Play & Contrario)

  1. Remedio: Triangle Disarm vs. Mandritto
    Contrario: Hook Over the Arm
  2. Remedio: Ligadura Soprana vs. Fendente
    Contrario: Elbow Push
  3. Remedio: Disarm and Collar Throw vs. Riverso
    Contario: Triangle Lock
  4. Remedio: Tear Down to the Right vs. Mandritto/Fendente
    Contrario: Blade-Grab and Stab
  5. Remedio: Armbar and Takedown vs. Grab
    Contrario: Arm-Check and Stab

Basic Strikes

  1. Mandritto
  2. Riverso
  3. Fendente
  4. Mezzano
  5. Stoccata
  1. Remedio: Parry, Pulldown & Thrust to Chest vs. Mandritto/Fendente
    Contario: Elbow Push
  2. Remedio: Ligadura Mezzana vs. Mandritto/Fendente
    Contario: Elbow Push  
  3. Remedio: Chiave Forte vs. Stoccata
    Contario: Hand-Check and Stab
  4. Remedio: Blade Strip & Thrust to Chest vs. Stoccata
    Contrario: Blade-Grab & Thrust to Elbow

Training Sequences:

  1. First Master Training Sequence
  2. First Master Training Sequence – Variation



  1. di Tutta Porta di Ferro
  2. di Donna (la destra, la sinistra e la Soprana)
  3. di Finestra (la destra e la sinestra)
  4. Longa
  5. Breve
  6. di Porta di Ferro Mezzana
  7. di Dente di Zenghiaro
  8. Coda Longa
  9. Bicorno
  10. Frontale
  11. Denti di Zenghiaro lo mezzano

Set Plays

Set One: Defese con Fendente
(Application of Basic Fendente Sequence)

  1. Countercut Stepping In  (Crossing of Zogho Largo)
  2. Countercut Stepping Out (Crossing of Zogho Stretto)
  3. Leg Slip and Counterattack (Largo II:7)
  4. Rebatter from Above

Set-Two: Rebattimenti from Below

(Application of Basic Sottani Sequence)

  1. Falso Rebattamento e Mandritto from the Left
  2. Falso Rebattamento e Riverso from the Left
  3. Coverta in Posta Frontale from Tutta Porta di Ferro (Largo II:2)
  4. Falso Rebattamento from the Right

Cutting Drills

  1. Basic Fendente Sequence
  2. Basic Sottani Sequence
  3. Parrata-Risposta in Finestra Sequence
  4. Three Count Drill: Levata

ASSALTI (Solo Forms)

  1. Progressing Through the Guards (“Posta Dance”)
  2. IAS Scholar Assalto – Spada a Dui Mani

Set-Three: Coverte con Posta di Finestra

(Application of Finestra Sequence)

  1. Collection in Left Posta di Finestra
  2. Collection in Right Posta di Finestra
  3. Deflection in Left Posta di Finestra
  4. Deflection in Right Posta di Finestra

Set-Four: Defese Contra la Punta

(Thrust Defenses)

  1. Scambiar di Punta (Largo II:9)
  2. Scambiar con Volta Stabile di Spada
  3. Frontale Coverta & Blade Grab (Largo II:3)
  4. Rompere di Punta (Largo II:11)

Zogho Largo Training Sequences (Linking Basic Set-Plays)

Playing from the Riverso Side
Poste: Posta di Donna vs. Dente di Zenghiaro
Attack: Mandritto Fendente
Remedio: Riverso Falso Rebattamento into Mandritto Fendente
Contrario: Deflection in Right Finestra into Mandritto Fendente
Contra-Contrario: Collection in Left Finestra, thrust Punta Sopramano to Face

Second Rising Parry in Largo Sequence
Poste: Posta di Donna vs. Tutta Porta di Ferro
Attack: Riverso Fendente
Remedio: Mandritto Falso Rebattamento into Mandritto Fendente
Contrario: Collection in Left Finestra into a Punta Sopramano to Face
Contra-Contario: Frontale Cover and Blade Grab; Cut Riverso to Face.

Breaking to Both Sides
Poste: Porta di Ferro Mezzana vs. Tutta Porta di Ferro Remedio: Rompere di Punta and cut Riverso Falso Sottano Contrario: Deflection in Left Posta di Finestra and cut Riverso Fendente
Contra Contario: Rebatter from Above with a Riverso Fendente; Cut Mandritto Fendente to Neck

Defeating Thrusts and Cuts Poste: Porta di Ferro Mezzana vs. Posta di Finestra
Attack: Pass with a Stoccata Remedio: Scambiar di Punta Contrario: Colpo di Villano Contra-Contrario: Parrata by Rivero Falso Sottano, Risposta Mandritto Fendente.