Members of the Research Advisory Council have been chosen for their expertise in a variety of topics, including not only armizare itself, but also chivalric culture, medieval Italian language and history, arms and armour and medieval military history. The Council serves to maintain quality standards in original research produced by IAS members as well as theses submitted by magister candidates as part of the academic component of their testing requirements.

Robert N. Charrette (Virginia, USA) — Independent Scholar
CharrettePortraitAn accomplished author, illustrator and historian of 14th-century daily life, Mr. Charrette has devoted his life to combining a childhood love of knights and related culture, with his artistic training and his avocation as a “living historian”. After involvement in nascent “medieval reenactment” in America, in the 1980s, he was first introduced to the work of Fiore dei Liberi via a photocopy of Novati’s Pisani-Dossi facsimile with rough translations pasted over the text.  It would be over a decade before he could seriously return to the question of “how did they fight?”

Fortunately, about the same time he became involved with creating a living history group interpreting English forces in the Hundred Years War, a group that became La Belle Compagnie, which allowed him to indulge his interest in material culture and archaeological re-creation.  The fruit of this labor was 1381: The Peel Affinity (with La Belle Compagnie), an illustrated look at a year in the life of a single knightly household in rural England, andThus, when he returned to the study of armizare, he was able to bring the skills he had developed in reconstructing 14th-century material culture to reconstructing the martial art within its original context. The end result was Armizare: The Chivalric Martial Art System of il Fior di Battaglia (2011).

Daniel Jaquet, Ph.D.  — University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Researcher in Armoured Combat, Authorship and Authority in Martial Arts and Chivalric Culture of the Late Middle Ages


Daniel Jaquet is a medievalist, with a background in literary studies and interest in history of science and material culture in the early modern period. He received his P.hD. in history at the University of Geneva in 2013. He taught at the Unive rsity of Geneva and Lausanne (2008-2015) and was a visiting scholar at the Centre pour l’Histoire des sciences et des techniques (University of Paris, Pantheon Sorbonne 1, 2011).  His teaching and research specializations are the history of warfare, the anthropology of single combat, ludic practices and knowledge transmission in technical literature at the end of the Middle Age and the beginning of the Renaissance. He actively works toward recognition of the field of Historical European Martial Arts studies, notably by proposing methods of modern-day laboratory-based experimentation.

Arditi Prize winner in 2006 for his master’s thesis, his doctoral thesis, Combattre en armure à la fin du Moyen Âge et au début de la Renaissance, concerns the praxes of armoured combat at the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance, in the light of the surviving technical manuals.  A portion of the practical experimentation that accompanied this work was presented as a video at the exhibition L’Epée. Usages, mythes et symboles (“Sword Uses, Myths and symbols.”), organized by the Cluny Museum, Paris in 2011. An active author and article contributor, he also served as editor for L’Art Chevaleresque du Combat. le Maniement des Armes a Travers les l Ivres de Combat and co-founded Acta Periodica Duellatorum (APD) the first academic yearbook of publications related to Historical European Martial Arts.

A martial practitioner as well as an academic researcher, Dr. Jaquet has a martial art experiences in medieval and German and Italian traditions, Judo and Yoseikan Budo.

Tom Leoni (Virginia, USA) — Translator and Researcher in Italian Martial Arts and Chivalric Culture of the Early Renaissance
This image is part a series depicting modern day sword fighters in attendance at the Vancouver International Swordplay Symposium in February of 2013.
This image is part a series depicting modern day sword fighters in attendance at the Vancouver International Swordplay Symposium in February of 2013.

Tom Leoni  was born in Switzerland and grew up in Northern Italy, where he acquired a thorough Classical education and a passion for historical Renaissance swordsmanship.

Since his coming to America in 1990, he has become known in the growing Western Martial Arts community for his work on historical Italian fencing theory and technique, especially on the Italian rapier and the Bolognese school. As a researcher, he has also shed considerable light on Renaissance dueling jurisprudence in Northern Italy.

His 2005 book The Art of Dueling presented the English-speaking public with the first critical translation of Salvator Fabris’ influential 1606 rapier-fencing title, “Scienza d’Arme.” Tom followed in 2010 with Venetian Rapier: Nicoletto Giganti’s 1606 Rapier Fencing Curriculim, The Complete Renaissance Swordsman: Antonio Manciolino’s Opera Nova of 1531 and Ridolfo Capoferro’s Art and Practice of Fencing.

Tom has also contributed articles to various Western Martial Arts anthologies–such as SPADA II and In the Service of Mars: Proceedings from the Western Martial Arts Workshop (vols I and II)–as well as to historical swordsmanship magazines such as WMA Illustrated. He has privately released a successful translation of Fiore de’ Liberi’s “Fior di Battaglia” (Getty MS version), and is currently in preparation (with IAS founding member Gregory Mele) of a four volume critical edition of all four of the surviving manuscripts.

As a swordsmanship instructor, Tom Leoni regularly appears at International events and reunions both in the US and abroad–including WMAW, ISMAC, 4W, VISS, NHSC, the Australian Historical Fencing Convention and others.

Tom’s formal education ranges from the humanities to classical music to business administration. He now lives in Alexandria, Virginia, where he pursues a Ph. D. in medieval studies at Catholic University, and teaches historical swordsmanship via his own academy, the Order of the Seven Hearts.

Steven Muhlberger, PhD. (Ontario, Canada) — Professor of History (retired), Nipissing University
Dr. Muhlberger is a noted researcher on late medieval chivalry and its relation to practical warfare.  He studied late ancient and medieval history at Michigan State University and the University of Toronto, and taught for over a quarter of a century at Toronto, Trent University, and Nipissing University. His intellectual interests are wide and he has published scholarly works on late ancient chronicles, the world history of democracy, and formal combats in the Middle Ages.

In connection with his study of chivalry, Dr. Muhlberger has translated and interpreted some of the key texts that describe the practice of jousting, tournaments, and other formal combats. His most important books on this subject are Jousts and Tournaments, Deeds of Arms, and Charny’s Men- at-Arms. These three works not only describe what was done by warriors who took part in these activities, but also analyse why they did it. His translation of Geoffroi de Charny’s Questions has made this unique text on the law of arms and war available to a wide audience.

He is the editor of Freelance Academy Press’s Deeds of Arms series, which provides modern readers interested in chivalric combats with accessible translations of the original accounts upon which our knowledge of such competitions is based.

In addition to his scholarly work, Dr. Muhlberger is a long-time member of the pioneering medieval re-creation organization, the Society for Creative Anachronism. As a member, he took part in SCA-style combat re-creations for 40 years.

Marco Quarta, Ph.D. – Stanford University, CA
This image is part a series depicting modern day sword fighters in attendance at the Vancouver International Swordplay Symposium in February of 2013. Photograph courtesy of Mark Feenstra

Marco Quarta is a biomedical scientist at the School of Medicine of Stanford University, CA, USA. His research is focused on skeletal muscle physiology, biomechanics and on bioengineering of stem cells for regenerative medicine. He also teaches and promotes Italian Martial Arts (IMAs) at Stanford and in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Marco grew up in Bologna, Italy.  His interest in Italian martial traditions started in the early 1990s with formal training in modern fencing, boxing and wrestling. As a co-founder, he served as senior instructor of the Nova Scrimia brotherhood from 1999 until present time. He is also a teacher of historic fencing at Scrimia Scuola d’Armi, and since the late 90s has been teaching and promoting IMAs with publications, lectures, festivals, tournaments and seminars at Italian and international Universities and fencing/martial arts symposia (such as University of Bologna, Stanford in California, Vancouver International Swordplay Symposium, or at the Bone Breakers MMA Academy in Mexico City). In 2008 he moved to California, and founded Nova Scrimia International; teaching and promoting IMAs in Canada, USA and Mexico.

Academically, Dr. Quarta has particular scientific research interests in the history, biomechanics and neurophysiology of duels and self defense in Western Martial Arts. He also practices, researches and promotes Italian regional/folk traditions of unarmed, knife and stick martial arts of living traditional schools and methods. He is currently producing and directing documentary series on traditional IMAs for the international community, closely working with the Masters, their families and their closed circles, who inherited these centuries-old living legacies.