The first student rank is internal to member academies and outside the direct purview of IAS; each member is free to grant Scolaro rank, provided students meet the base required criteria that follows. This rank forms the first rank for which there are formal curricular requirements. Being admitted to the rank of Scolaro attests to the candidate’s ability to perform fundamental actions and set plays with proper mechanics and footwork. It also signifies an understanding of the fundamental precepts of the system and apply the entirety of their learning to a limited freeplay environment in a defensive capacity. Each school is free to define other requirements as they see fit.


Garter in the school’s colors (excepting red or gold), worn below the knee.


Celeritas the Tiger (Swiftness)


Primary Objective

The IAS primary objective for the curriculum up to Scolaro is to verse the practitioner in the basic building blocks of the Art, making a competent practitioner of the Art, capable of defending oneself within the system using the basic weapons of the curriculum: dagger, sword, wrestling.

Secondary Objectives

The primary objective above is arrived at by incorporating and building on several secondary objectives in addition to those specific to the Art, such as:

  • Appropriating proper balance, stance and footwork
  • Appropriating proper structure
  • Awareness of tactical considerations in combat
  • Developing a proper attack and defence
  • Notions of tempo and measure
  • Basic instructional skills (ability to transmit drills)
  • ,Appropriate proper form and mechanics



Candidates should be able to competently perform basic set plays and drills in the following components of Armizare using proper stance, footwork, and mechanics.


Scolari are expected to perform the following basic footwork unarmed, with dagger and with sword in two hands:

    • Forward and backward pass (passare, tornare)
    • Advancing and retreating step (acressere and discresse)
    • Volta stabile
    • Mezza volta
    • Triangle/compass step

The candidate must be able to demonstrate a  selection of techniques from the abrazare section. The first five plays are a baseline minimum.


The candidate must demonstrate a selection of techniques from the daga section. The nine remedy masters (discounting their constituent plays) are an accepted minimum for the purposes of acceding to rank.

Spada a due mani

The candidate must demonstrate a basic fencing actions and a selection of plays, drawn from the manuscript and/or non-canonical, but considered to be fundamental to fencing in general. As an internal rank, schools are given the discretion to choose which actions best suit their curriculum.


A Scolaro should posses the ability to perform simple set plays and defences in a static environment, according to the requirements of their school. These should include basic fencing actions such as beats, collections, simple parries, counter cuts and counter thrusts against a willing, semi-compliant partner. The level of execution sought is basic competency, per the skills progression chart.


This is not assessed for the Scolaro candidate.


The Scolaro candidate will undergo both written and oral examinations pertaining to the fundamentals of Armizare, questions which, are to be determined by each member’s testing body in accordance with their own needs and curriculum as well as according to the reading requirements.

Required reading:

Each member will have individual reading requirements that may be tested in the oral and/or written examinations. The reading list is as follows:

  • The Knightly Art of Battle, 2011, Ken Mondschein, J. Paul Getty Museum;
  • Prologue to the Getty manuscript, 2012, Translation by Tom Leoni, Freelance Academy Press
  • Fiore dei Liberi’s Armizare, p. 1- 95, by Robert N. Charrette, 2011, Freelance Academy Press


The Scolaro candidate should be able to demonstrate a drill, play or sequence from each of the core disciplines of abrazare, daga and spada a due mani (instructors are left to make the determination as to what precisely must be demonstrated) to another student in a tutoring capacity as a means of manifesting the candidate’s understanding of the material and their ability to aid their fellow students as instructor-aides. The Scolaro is expected to be able to recognise and correct minor errors in execution and form, but should defer to the instructor as Scolaro is not a teaching rank.